People want more fruit and less sugar.
But is there a way to go from sweet to sugary without going to the dentist?
Dr. Paul D. Giambrone, chief executive of Giambrolli Associates, and his colleague, Dr. James M. Gee, have developed a new approach for cutting down on sugar, with the help of a new diet and a diet-related medicine that works by stimulating the appetite and reducing food intake.
The two researchers published their findings in the March 13 issue of the journal PLOS ONE.
Dr. Gia M. Zobri, director of the Division of Food and Nutrition Science at the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK), said that a diet that focuses on low-calorie foods, such as fruit, vegetables and whole grains, may be a better approach to reducing soda intake.
“It is possible to reduce sugar consumption by cutting back on the sugar content in those foods,” Dr. Giorgio Zobrini, a professor of nutrition and food studies at the University of Pennsylvania, told Reuters Health by email.
“This would be good for people who have low carbohydrate diets, but for those with a normal or high carbohydrate diet, it is not clear to cut down on the carbohydrates, since these foods are still very high in sugar.”
Dr. Zomri added that the research team is continuing to explore the role of certain dietary factors, such a diet rich in nuts and vegetables, in reducing sugar intake.
He said there is a lot of information that suggests that the type of carbohydrates a person is eating may affect the amount of sugar they consume.
“In general, people consume more carbohydrates from foods high in protein and fiber, while in low-carbohydrate diets, people may consume less carbohydrates from vegetables and fruits,” he said.
“A diet high in fiber is associated with a lower risk of type 2 diabetes, whereas a diet high on protein and low in fat may be associated with higher risk.”
Dr Giamsones research also suggests that it is possible for some people to have an excess of sugars that is caused by certain genes, which can be altered.
Dr Gee said that, based on the data he is receiving from patients, there is no one-size-fits-all approach.
“One of the things that we do know is that we can increase the number of fruits and vegetables in our diet, and then we can also decrease the amount [of sugar],” he said, adding that a good diet is about “food choice.”
“If you are trying to reduce your sugar intake, we recommend that you start by eating more fruits and lower in sugars,” he added.
“I think it’s important to get more fruits.
I think a good fruit diet is really important.
It helps to stimulate your appetite.”
Giambrones research has shown that if a person eats a diet low in processed foods, they may have a more favorable diet profile.
Dr Zobris said the current study is not designed to look at exactly what causes obesity, but it is an attempt to find out what makes us fat.
“We don’t have the answers for that yet,” he noted.
“But we can understand that if we reduce the amount that we consume, the amount we consume and the amount our bodies absorb, then we have a better chance of decreasing our fat intake.”
Dr Zomris said that this approach to diet may have many advantages over a more conventional approach to weight loss.
“There is no way to control for any of these factors in a conventional way, but we can use these diet- and medicine-related approaches to help with weight loss,” he explained.
“The key is to get people to reduce the quantity and amount of food that they eat and to reduce their total calorie intake, and that is what we have done.”SOURCE: bit.ly/1RQHgXj The Lancet (United Kingdom)